A comprehensive analysis of existing definitions of the concept of «artificial intelligence» in the scientific
literature is carried out. It is shown that the most convincing and consistent position of those scientists who
are inclined to describe the concept in question by designating its essential properties and key characteristics.
Such properties and characteristics of artificial intelligence include the ability to reason and control, legal
understanding and legal awareness, learning and development, autonomy of activity and decision-making,
etc. Based on the results of a comprehensive analysis, an author’s version of the concept of «artificial
intelligence» as a legal category was developed, and it was proposed to introduce it into scientific circulation.
Key words: history of state and law, theoretical and legal approach, artificial intelligence, legal category,
cognition, intelligence, autonomy, adaptability, self-learning, human brain, neuron, neural network, digital
information, machine learning, digital technology.