Modern sports victories are made on the verge of the possible and make you wonder at the potentials
of the body. However, not all opportunities are developed exclusively by training. Throughout the sport’s
existence, some athletes and their coaches have turned to additional ways to become «faster, taller, stronger».
Today’s methods used in high-performance sports are dangerous, and therefore, first the world community
sounded the alarm, and later this trend was picked up consistently by all countries, including Russia. The
study focuses on the analysis of the elements of the offense under art. 230.1 and 230.2 of the Criminal Code
of the Russian Federation provides for criminal liability coaches, medical professionals, and other experts,
for the use of prohibited substances and (or) methods called doping. The author in his research highlights the
problem of practical application of the current norms. It consists in the absence of a wide range of subjects
liable to responsibility for crimes related to the use of substances and (or) methods prohibited in sports
against an athlete, as well as the object of criminal legal protection. The methodological basis of the study
was made up of general scientific and private methods, such as historical, comparative legal, dialectical.
Key words: doping sanction, prohibited drug, substance, method, object, objective side, subject,
subjective side, criminal act, athlete.