The article is devoted to the problems of power in the framework of legal science. The author focuses on
the fact that despite the primacy of power in relation to many social phenomena, including state and law, the
existing ideas about power and its varieties are made up of contradictions, therefore, are not scientifically
relevant. The solution of the indicated problem is supposed to be done through explication of key dilemmas,
which, one way or another, fall under most of the theories of power, which allows us to visually explore
the causes of existing differences and propose the concept of a systemic understanding of power in legal
science. The author draws attention to the importance of reductionism and unwarranted generalization as
the key logical errors of the scientific understanding of power. The work highlights the importance of the
anthropology of power, which is used to substantiate some of the shortcomings of the Marxist understanding
of law and state power, which incorrectly characterize the determinism of social processes.
Key words: power, absolute (general) relations, dilemmas of perception of power, the paradigm of legal
science, legal anthropology, legal ethnography, Marxism, religious cult, primitive man.