Legal regulation of the authority to appoint a forensic examination at the stage of initiating a criminal
case has no signiﬁ cant shortcomings that prevent or complicate its implementation. However, the rule, stated
in part 1 of 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, on satisfaction of petition for the appointment of a
repeated or additional expert examination is devoid of scientiﬁ c justiﬁ cation, contradicts the principle of
freedom of evidence, negatively affects law enforcement, and therefore, according to the author, is subject to
exclusion from the criminal procedure law. From the practice analysis and theoretical views, it follows that
the appointment and performance of forensic examination at the stage of initiating a criminal case is aimed
at establishing signs of a crime, is not accompanied by government coercion, does not limit the personal
rights of citizens, and therefore the grounds for involving participants at the stage of initiating a criminal
case in the relationship for the appointment and performance of examination are absent.
Key words: initiation of a criminal case, judicial examination, authority, coercion, status, petition.