The author analyzes the Federal Law of July 3, 2016 № 323-FZ concerning the cases of private and
private-public prosecution. The author concludes that the law enforcer and the position of the legislator to
reduce the number of convicts in cases of this category, as well as to reduce the load on the justices of the
peace, were not successful. Taking into account the statistical data the author predicts an increase in the
number of convicted cases by private-public prosecution, provided Article 116 of the Criminal Code of the
Russian Federation, among close relatives of the victim, as well as an increase in the load on the justices
of the peace, for under their criminal cases.
Key words: private prosecution institute, private-public prosecution institution, Statute of Criminal
Procedure, Republic of Belarus legislation, Republic of Kazakhstan legislation.