The essence of law already written quite a lot, this category is basic in the consideration of law in general.
But it is worth noting that researchers mainly focus on various theories of legal understanding or use the
usual class and general social approaches to the essence of law, which opens a wide field for the study of the
essence of law, because this is only one of the existing positions. The purpose of this research is to analyze
the essence of law in terms of what impact it has on the freedom of subjects, because this is the essence and
purpose of this social regulator. The analysis identifies two most common approaches to understanding the
relationship between law and freedom. During the research, we used philosophical research methods, among
which the axiological method is of particular importance from general scientific research methods, we used
the method of analysis, hermeneutical, comparative legal and other methods that allow us to analyze the
essential characteristics of law in a more substantive and meaningful way. The result of the research is the
structural and content characteristics of the designated approaches to the essence of law. In addition, their
similarities were identified, which suggests that in science, the right is understood by most researchers as a
measure of freedom granted, but the forms of manifestation of this measure may be different, which indicates
the ambivalent nature of the right as a whole. The analysis allows us to supplement the idea of the essence
of law from the position of its relationship with the category of freedom, which opens up wide opportunities
for further research.
Key words: essence of law, freedom, measure, human rights and freedoms, restrictions, limits.