There were some changes, happened in the penitentiary system of the Altai region during the post¬war period, which connected with the decrease of number ofprisoners after the amnesty held in 1945. In 1946 the criminal-correctional system, being governed by NCIA of USSR was transferred to MIA of USSR, preserving its basic functions: the criminals' isolation, the organization of the prisoners' work, detention and guarding of the prisoners of war and the interned, struggle with the homelessness and neglect of children, building of the strategic objects. Correctional-labour colonies were functioning in Barnaul, Biysk, Rubtsovsk, Oyrot-Tur, Chesnokovka, Slavgorod at that period. After the fascist Germany and military Japan were defeated, the camps for the prisoners of war for the Japanese and German armies were conducted in the Altai Region.
Key-words: criminal-correctional system, soviet penitentiary policy, correctional-labour camp, colony, prisoners, the prisoners of war, the homeless, organization of prisoners' work, NCIA..